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Agenda

Untitled Document
Tourist Guide
  • From legend to history
  • Man's size
  • The coastal line
  • The casali streets
  • The ascend to the mount
  • Itineraries
  • Nature itineraries
  • Coastal itineraries
  • Hill itineraries
  • Mountain itineraries
  • Map
  • Villages with Maps
  • The Historic Centre of Vico Equense
  • Bonea - Sant'Andrea
  • Massaquano e San Salvatore
  • Moiano e Santa Maria Del Castello
  • Monte Faito
  • Ticciano- Preazzano - Arola
  • Fornacelle e Pacognano
  • Seiano - Montechiaro
  • Museums
  • Antiquarium "Silio Italico"
  • Mineralogical Museum
  • Area Intranet
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    Forum
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    Contatore visite
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    THE AREA AND ITS HISTORY

    This ancient area is renowned for its pleasant climate and conveniently central position in relation to Campania's most important venues of tourism and culture. It offers a range of hotels, thermal waters and seabathing facilities. It also has an abundance of historic and artistic assets dating from the 7th century B.C. to t he present day and extending from sea level right up to the 1400 meters of Monte Faito. Underlining the area's traditional calling for tourism, we find a wide range of hotels equipped with all the latest comforts and with verandahs overlooking the splendid panorama of the Gulf of Naples. There are even more places for wining and dining. Some are more intimate and reserved in atmosphere, while others are larger and more modern. But they all offer fine, delicate cuisine based mainly on seafood, together with a variety of local dairy products and fine wines, which already had a fine reputation even in the ancient world.

    The coast of Vico Equense, spanning from Punta Orlando to Punta Scutolo, is a succession of beaches enhanced by a transparent sea, all of which provide modern bathing facilities. For visitors coming from the direction of Castellammare, the beaches continue right up to Scrajo, a place famous for its healing sulphur springs and popular beaches. These beaches are followed by enchanting stretches of free coastline, leading towards Marina di Vico, which are harder to reach. After a stretch of open sea beneath the projecting Gothic Cathedral, we find Marina di Aequa, with its tourist and bathing facilities, which ends at the natural boundary of the so-called "Calcare" beach.

    In the 1st century A.D., in his poem entitled "Punica", which tells the story of the death of a warrior named Murrano in the battle of Trasimeno in 217 B.C., Silius Italicus had used the term "Aequana" to indicate an area not far from Sorrento as the hero's land of origin. Medieval documents furthermore concur in naming a location that had lost its former prosperity as Aequa (probably Aequana, Murrano's homeland) l o cated in the seaside plane known as "Peczolo".

    Even older urbanistic and archaeological traces co nfirm the theory that another settlement with a Hippodamian layout situated on the nearby sloping plateau must have previously dominated the Aequana to which Silius Italicus referred.

    And it is precisely because the documents, which date from the Middle Ages onwards, agree in respect of Aequa's location on the seaside plane, that it is unlikely that the settlement situated on the sloping plateau had that name.

    The road layout of this nameless settlement is still to a large extent preserved, thus confirming its antiquity. On various occasions, parts of a necropolis have come to light here with all sorts of funeral objects. These relics, which date to the 7th century B.C., are now preserved in the loc al A ntiquarium.

    Later on, during the long period of the Dark Ages, the population of this settlement fell sharply for the usual reasons. It must have become so impoverished that in a document going back to 1213 it was referred to as nothing more than a locality "ad Vicum dicitur".

    It was under first the Angevins and later the Aragonese that the fortunes of the "Vicus" improved and it acquired, or perhaps we should say regained, a predominant role compared to Aequa, where the population was progressively falling.

    Once the Hippodamian-plan fortress had become autonomous, walls were built around it and on the side projecting over the sea it was embellished with the new Cathedral transferred from Aequa. The Bishop's Residence was built at the end of the main road, while the bastions of the Castle were erected on the opposite spur. In the extended insulae, work resumed on building houses over the older foundations level with the earlier cornerstones and decuman gates. This building work is still visible in the surviving architectural characteristics which feature mainly Catalan/Durazzo style portals and intimate but spacious courtyards.

    It had now become Vico Equense, because only a few traces still remained of "Aequa desolata" .

    Meanwhile, further away from the village itself, other settlements and districts had sprung up around the churches and monasterie s .

    Finally, the nineteenth century design of the road to Sorrento gradually gave rise to a new urban geometry outside the walls. This old area, which is blessed by such a mild climate, still features this particular geometry in spite of the increase in building, as do the Angevin-Aragonese site and the wide variety of medieval Hamle ts .